In the simplest terms, the paleo diet is a harkening back to the days of hunter-gatherer cavemen. In those days, all people had to eat were things that occurred naturally and could be either foraged or hunted. Cavemen were athletic, lean, and full of energy. Coincidence? This diet takes us back to our roots as humans.
If a caveman had access to it, you can eat it. This includes meat, vegetables, fruit, greens, nuts, seeds, and anything else you can find in nature. The best part is that you can eat however much you want whenever you want without getting fat.
The inventors of the paleo diet claim that agriculture ruined everything. The agricultural revolution led us to eat many more grains than our bodies were used to. In the span of our existence as humans, we have only been consuming grains for less than 1% of our time. Before that, humans existed and thrived without eating a single grain.
The main things this diet removes from your consumption are grains and processed sugar. There has been a lot of scientific research about grains and their harmful effects on our gastrointestinal system. The gluten-free craze came about because it was discovered that many of us may be gluten-intolerant. It is thought that our bodies have still not become fully accustomed to consuming grains.
They contain lectins that actually fight against our bodies to prevent us from eating them, and our gastrointestinal tracts suffer.This is not an anti-carb, anti-calorie, or anti-sugar diet. Carbohydrates and sugars are safely consumed in naturally-forming vegetables and fruits.
People trying to lose weight on this diet are encouraged to keep their fruit and nut consumption moderate as they are the highest-calorie foods allowed in this diet, but there is no calorie-counting. Additionally, any meats should be free-range and grass-fed rather than grain-fed.Many hesitate before trying this diet because they are concerned about energy. Remember: Our bodies are super efficient. Without carbohydrates in the system, the body burns stored fat for energy.
So, what can you eat on the paleo diet? Meat, fowl, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, oils, eggs, and tubers (sweet potatoes and yams) are all perfectly acceptable to eat in whatever quantity and frequency you want. These foods are so filling and nutritious that you will never overeat, and you will never gain weight.